Important Facts to Remember:
|Stability||Atoms and molecules do not actually go out to form and break bonds with each other. All actions are a part of electronic attractions to form a more stable product.|
|Nucleophile||An atom or group of atoms that is attracted to a positive charge or nucleus.
Typically negatively charged.
|Electrophile||An atom or group of atoms that is attracted to a negative charge, or electrons.
Typically positively charged.
|Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction
|A reaction where a nucleophile attached to a carbon is replaced with a different nucleophile.|
|Unimolecular Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction (Sn1)||A reaction where the rate determining step for the reaction consists of only one substance. The first step of an Sn1 reaction is the departure of the leaving group.|
|Leaving Group||A nucleophile that leaves the central carbon atom. Leaving groups are typically stable atoms or groups.|
|Carbocation||A carbon atom with a positive charge. Carbocatoins are formed after the departure of a leaving group.|